Archival and Discovery of November 27, 1945 Tsunami Event on Marigrams

Metadata Updated: November 12, 2020

These water level data were digitized from a scanned marigram image associated with the tsunami event of 1945-11-27 at a tide gauge located at Karachi, Pakistan, and referenced to station datum. The Karachi marigram is one of the two instrumental records existing of the 1945 Makran tsunami and spans most of the 16 days between November 15 and December 1. The original Karachi analog record belongs to the Survey of India (SOI) and was collected and digitized by the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) and Indian National Center for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) for use in the publication of a few scientific papers. This digital marigram scan was reformatted into the accompanying digital, numerical time series by the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES), Boulder, CO. Acknowledgement of SOI, NIO, and INCOIS should be included in any future scientific works using this record.

Access & Use Information

License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Dates

Metadata Date November 12, 2019
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) October 24, 2019 (creation)
Frequency Of Update

Metadata Source

Harvested from NGDC MGG Hazards WAF

Graphic Preview

Digitized marigram from Karachi, Pakistan, 1945-11-27

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Series
Metadata Date November 12, 2019
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) October 24, 2019 (creation)
Responsible Party DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Guid gov.noaa.ncei:19451127marigram
Access Constraints Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives., Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose., Cite as: Survey of India, National Institute of Oceanography, India, Indian National Center for Ocean Information Service, and Lindsey Wright. 2019. Archival and Discovery of November 27, 1945 Tsunami Event on Marigrams. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.25921/v3a2-m248. Accessed [date]., Use Constraints: Public domain data from the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), an agency of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize NCEI as the source of these data. You are not permitted to use NCEI's name or to suggest that NCEI endorses your project or product, without its express written consent. While efforts have been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the state of the art, NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages or misrepresentation caused by any inaccuracies in the data or as a result of changes to the data caused by system transfers. The user must be aware of data conditions and bear responsibility for the appropriate use of these data with respect to possible errors, original drawing scale, collection methodology, currency of data, and other conditions specific to these data. Distribution Liability: Although every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of these data, errors and conditions originating from physical sources used to develop these data may be reflected in the data supplied. The client must be aware of data conditions and bear responsibility for the appropriate use of the information with respect to possible errors, original drawing scale, collection methodology, currency of data, and other conditions specific to certain data. In no event shall NCEI be liable for any damages, whether general, special, incidental or consequential damages, arising out of your use of these data. Your sole remedy for damages is to stop using the data. You agree to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless NCEI and its employees or affilitates against any claim, loss, liability or expense, including attorneys' fees, resulting from loss of or damage to property or the injury to or death of any person arising out of the use of the data.
Bbox East Long 66.970
Bbox North Lat 24.804
Bbox South Lat 24.804
Bbox West Long 66.970
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update
Graphic Preview Description Digitized marigram from Karachi, Pakistan, 1945-11-27
Graphic Preview File https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/data/marigrams/1761/19451127_karachi_542x300px.png
Graphic Preview Type png
Licence
Metadata Language
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress complete
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 1945-11-15T05:15:25Z
Temporal Extent End 1945-12-01T05:29:56Z

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