Commercial Spear Fishing Estimated Average Annual Catch of Reef Fish, 2003-2013 - Hawaii

Metadata Updated: November 12, 2020

Nearshore fisheries in the Main Hawaiian Islands encompass a diverse group of fishers using a wide array of gears and targeting many different species. Communities in Hawaii often rely on these fisheries for economic, social, and cultural services. However, the stress from overfishing can cause ecosystem degradation and long-term economic loss. This layer represents the average annual commercial catch of reef fish by spear fishing over the years 2003-2013 as reported in commercial catch data collected by the State of Hawaii Department of Aquatic Resources (DAR) Commercial Marine Landings Database (CML). Commercial catch is reported to DAR in large irregular reporting blocks by gear and by species.

This layer's spatial footprint aligns with the inshore commercial reporting blocks from the shapefile served on the Hawaii Statewide GIS Program website (Fishchart2008.shp) (http://planning.hawaii.gov/gis/download-gis-data/). Data are filtered by DAR before release such that reporting blocks with less than three fishers reporting are excluded in order to protect fisher identities. It is not possible to explicitly distinguish between boat-based and shore-based fishing based on the gear types reported in CML data. The Ocean Tipping Points (OTP) project filtered the data for spear fishing and reef fish species only and calculated average annual catch in kilograms by reporting block to match with data from the Marine Recreational Information Program (MRIP). In marine protected areas (MPAs) where boat-based fishing is not allowed, catch was set to zero; and inside de facto MPAs with restricted access, catch was reduced according to expert input and local knowledge. Average annual commercial catch data were converted from polygon to raster and then divided by the number of 100-m raster cells within each reporting block so that units are comparable to non-commercial fishing layers (kg/ha). The result assumes commercial catch is evenly distributed spatially across each reporting block.

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License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Dates

Metadata Date April 18, 2017
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) April 18, 2017 (creation), April 18, 2017 (issued), April 18, 2017 (revision)
Frequency Of Update

Metadata Source

Harvested from ioos

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Sample image.

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date April 18, 2017
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) April 18, 2017 (creation), April 18, 2017 (issued), April 18, 2017 (revision)
Responsible Party Ocean Tipping Points (OTP) (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Guid hi_otp_all_fishing_com_spear
Access Constraints
Bbox East Long -154.24231813047925
Bbox North Lat 22.589967639692087
Bbox South Lat 18.50382548747189
Bbox West Long -160.8274310364662
Coupled Resource [{"href": ["#DataIdentification"], "uuid": [], "title": []}, {"href": ["#DataIdentification"], "uuid": [], "title": []}]
Frequency Of Update
Graphic Preview Description Sample image.
Graphic Preview File http://pacioos.org/metadata/browse/hi_otp_all_fishing_com_spear.png
Licence
Metadata Language eng
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress
Spatial Data Service Type Open Geospatial Consortium Web Coverage Service (WCS)
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True

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