Data from: Retention of Pantoea agglomerans Sc1R across stadia of the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)

Metadata Updated: January 6, 2021

Southern green stink bug [Nezara viridula (L.)] adults and other pentatomid pests can transmit pathogens (e.g., the bacterium Pantoea agglomerans) that cause disease in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and other high-value cash crops worldwide. First instars of N. viridula were recently shown to ingest P. agglomerans strain Sc1R with rifampicin-resistance, and to retain the pathogen to the 2nd instar. The objective of this study was to determine the acquisition of P. agglomerans Sc1R by early instars of N. viridula and determine persistence of P. agglomerans Sc1R across subsequent stadia. In three trials, early instars (1st and 2nd) were exposed to P. agglomerans Sc1R and subsequently maintained to adulthood; cohorts were sampled at 3rd and 5th instars, as well as adults. In every trial, P. agglomerans Sc1R was detected in all stadia, including adults, but significantly higher frequencies of infection than expected were observed at the initial stage of infection (either 1st or 2nd instar). Higher densities of P. agglomerans Sc1R were detected in 1st and 2nd instars, and lower densities were observed in subsequent stadia. Densities of innate bacterial flora were generally lower when the initial stage of exposure was at 1st instar than when the initial stage of exposure was at the 2nd instar. Overall, half of the adults possessed P. agglomerans Sc1R. These findings demonstrated that N. viridula nymphs can acquire P. agglomerans Sc1R and retain the pathogen to adulthood. Potential avenues of research to further elucidate the implications of nymphs harboring pathogens to adulthood are discussed.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: Creative Commons CCZero

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Dates

Metadata Created Date November 10, 2020
Metadata Updated Date January 6, 2021

Metadata Source

Harvested from USDA JSON

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date November 10, 2020
Metadata Updated Date January 6, 2021
Publisher Agricultural Research Service
Unique Identifier Unknown
Maintainer
Identifier 720ee400-b951-4298-a04e-5fae330376b8
Data Last Modified 2020-12-04
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 005:18
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
License https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
Program Code 005:040
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash dedd3b1a79361c1b858ddf98c84ee33215962eac
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial POINT (-96.360697746277 30.617630140397)

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