Evapotranspiration units for Dixie Valley, Churchill County, Nevada

Metadata Updated: November 12, 2020

With increasing population growth and land-use change, urban communities in the desert southwest are progressively looking to remote basins to supplement existing water supplies. Recent applications for groundwater appropriations from Dixie Valley, Nevada, a primarily undeveloped basin neighboring the Carson Desert to the east, have prompted a reevaluation of the quantity of naturally discharging groundwater. The objective of this study was to develop a new, independent estimate of groundwater discharge by evapotranspiration (ET) from Dixie Valley using a combination of eddy-covariance evapotranspiration measurements and multispectral satellite imagery. Mean annual groundwater ET (ETg) was estimated during October 2009-2011 at four eddy covariance sites. Two sites were located in phreatophytic shrubland dominated by greasewood and two were located on a playa. Estimates were scaled to the basin level by combining remotely sensed imagery with field reconnaissance and site-scale ETg estimates. Vegetation index and brightness temperature data were used to partition Dixie Valley into five discharging ET units, and scale actual and potential ETg to the basin level. ET units are spatially constrained by a groundwater discharge area which represents the area where discharge from evaporation by open water or bare soil and transpiration from phreatophytic plants exceeds the volume of water contributed by precipitation. Each ET unit represents a generalized grouping of vegetation and soil conditions that were used as the basis of estimation of total ETg. ET units were partitioned as: playa lake, playa, sparse shrubland, moderate-to-dense shrubland, and grassland.

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License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Date March 14, 2013
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) January 1, 2014 (publication)
Frequency Of Update notPlanned

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI Open Data

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Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date March 14, 2013
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) January 1, 2014 (publication)
Responsible Party U.S. Geological Survey Nevada Water Science Center (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Access Constraints Use Constraints: Acknowledgment of the U.S. Geological Survey and Bureau of Reclamation would be appreciated in products derived from these data. Although this Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) compliant metadata file is intended to document the data set in nonproprietary form, this metadata file may include some ArcGIS-specific terminology. These data are not intended to be used as a survey product and are for reference only., Access Constraints: None
Bbox East Long -117.583859
Bbox North Lat 40.155704
Bbox South Lat 39.627368
Bbox West Long -118.161709
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update notPlanned
Graphic Preview Description Illustration of data set
Graphic Preview File https://water.usgs.gov/GIS/browse/pp1805_ETunits_browse.jpg
Graphic Preview Type jpg
Licence Although these data have been used by the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the U.S. Geological Survey as to the accuracy of the data and related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data, software, or related materials. The use of firm, trade, or brand names in this report is for identification purposes only and does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Geological Survey. The names mentioned in this document may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective trademark owners.
Metadata Language
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 2009-01-01
Temporal Extent End 2011-01-01

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