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Geology of Kasatochi volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska

Metadata Updated: November 10, 2020

Kasatochi is a small, isolated island volcano in the center of the Aleutian Island chain. It consists of a roughly circular cone approximately 3 km in diameter with a lake-filled central crater that is 1.2 km in diameter and extends from the highest point on the island to sea level. The oldest unit recognized is a thick series of mid-Pleistocene glaciovolcanic deposits consisting of autobrecciated lava, lahars, and volumetrically minor lava masses that we believe to have been emplaced underneath a regional ice cap. This unit is unconformably overlain by several massive Holocene lavas, above which lies a thick sequence of latest-Holocene pyroclastic deposits likely deposited during the crater-forming eruption. The 2008 eruption enlarged the preexisting crater, and produced pyroclastic density currents, surges, and fall that blanketed the entire island except for the crater wall and steep, seaward-facing cliffs on the flanks. 2008 deposits initially extended the shoreline seaward by up to 500 m. Kasatochi lava and scoria are porphyritic basalt, basaltic andesite, and andesite, all of which bear trace-element evidence for prolonged crustal residence and equilibration with an amphibole-rich gabbroic residue. Lavas from individual effusive eruptions have limited compositional range, whereas juvenile scoriae from explosive eruptions span the majority of the compositional range of the entire volcano. 2008 pyroclastic deposits contain texturally diverse amphibole gabbro clasts and smaller, less abundant, plagioclase-free pyroxenitic and peridotitic cumulate inclusions. We infer that the gabbroic inclusions are from the margins of regions of crustal magma storage and evolution and that equilibration with the amphibole plays an important role in the evolution of mafic and intermediate magmas.

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Dates

Metadata Date August 21, 2017
Metadata Created Date November 10, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 10, 2020
Reference Date(s) January 1, 2017 (publication)
Frequency Of Update notPlanned

Metadata Source

Harvested from Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date August 21, 2017
Metadata Created Date November 10, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 10, 2020
Reference Date(s) January 1, 2017 (publication)
Responsible Party Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Guid
Access Constraints Use Constraints: Any hard copies or published datasets utilizing these datasets shall clearly indicate their source. If the user has modified the data in any way, the user is obligated to describe the types of modifications the user has made. The user specifically agrees not to misrepresent these datasets, nor to imply that changes made by the user were approved by the State of Alaska, Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys. The State of Alaska makes no express or implied warranties (including warranties for merchantability and fitness) with respect to the character, functions, or capabilities of the electronic data or products or their appropriateness for any user's purposes. In no event will the State of Alaska be liable for any incidental, indirect, special, consequential, or other damages suffered by the user or any other person or entity whether from the use of the electronic services or products or any failure thereof or otherwise. In no event will the State of Alaska's liability to the Requestor or anyone else exceed the fee paid for the electronic service or product., Access Constraints: This report, map, and/or dataset is available directly from the State of Alaska, Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys (see contact information below).
Bbox East Long -175.488612
Bbox North Lat 52.186087
Bbox South Lat 52.155502
Bbox West Long -175.535309
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update notPlanned
Licence The State of Alaska makes no expressed or implied warranties (including warranties for merchantability and fitness) with respect to the character, functions, or capabilities of the electronic data or products or their appropriateness for any user's purposes. In no event will the State of Alaska be liable for any incidental, indirect, special, consequential, or other damages suffered by the user or any other person or entity whether from the use of the electronic services or products or any failure thereof or otherwise. In no event will the State of Alaska's liability to the Requestor or anyone else exceed the fee paid for the electronic service or product.
Metadata Language eng; USA
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 2008-01-01
Temporal Extent End 2017-01-01

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