High Temperature Diamond Electronics for Actuators and Sensors

Metadata Updated: November 12, 2020

This project will develop diamond electronics for actuator and sensor applications at high temperatures (>500°C) which are appropriate for the surface of Venus and other solar system missions that explore high temperature environments. Specifically, we propose to develop, test and simulate diamond p-i-n diodes and pnp bipolar transistors for actuator control and low noise pnp transistor circuits for sensor amplification. Diamond is a wide band gap semiconductor with outstanding semiconductor properties that have long been recognized for high power, high frequency, and low noise applications. Diamond has the highest known thermal conductivity, which enables high power operation, and the high electron and hole mobilities of diamond are unusual compared to all other wide band gap semiconductors and support both high power and high frequency applications. The wide bandgap and bipolar operation enables low noise amplification with bipolar transistors. Moreover, these properties and the stability of diamond contribute to its potential as a high temperature semiconductor capable of operating at temperatures well above 500°C. Compared to other wide bandgap semiconductors, diamond has demonstrated bipolar operation, which is difficult to achieve with GaN based devices, and its lack of crystal polytypes provides improved stability at high temperature compared to SiC based devices. This project proposes devices that take advantage of the high stability of diamond p-n junctions based on doping with boron and phosphorus. Diffusion of these substitutional dopants is essentially negligible at temperatures less than 800°C, and the diamond crystal structure is certainly stable at even higher temperatures. The objectives of this project are to demonstrate pin diodes and pnp BJTs for operation up to 500°C, and to demonstrate low noise amplification with optimized BJT transistor based circuits. To achieve these objectives the team will 1) fabricate 50V, 1A pin diamond diodes and test at temperatures up to 500°C, 2) fabricate 50V, 1A pnp bipolar junction transistors and test up to 500°C, 3) design, fabricate and test pnp based low noise amplifier circuits, 4) simulate device performance and project operation at higher temperatures, 5) identify specific mission objectives that would be impacted by diamond diodes, transistors or low noise amplifiers, and 6) develop a technology transfer strategy that includes cost projections for fully packaged and tested devices.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources


Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Publisher Space Technology Mission Directorate
Unique Identifier Unknown
Identifier TECHPORT_92286
Data First Published 2020-06-01
Data Last Modified 2020-01-29
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://data.nasa.gov/data.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Homepage URL https://techport.nasa.gov/view/92286
Program Code 026:027
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 89ad1243163d519d25d7e6c24191440dcd0ba328
Source Schema Version 1.1

Didn't find what you're looking for? Suggest a dataset here.