Landfire Existing Vegetation Cover (Hawaii) (Image Service)

Metadata Updated: December 3, 2020

Introduction: The LANDFIRE existing vegetation layers describe the following elements of existing vegetation for each LANDFIRE mapping zone: existing vegetation type, existing vegetation canopy cover, and existing vegetation height. Vegetation is mapped using predictive landscape models based on extensive field reference data, satellite imagery, biophysical gradient layers, and classification and regression trees.Abstract: The existing vegetation cover (EVC) data layer depicts percent canopy cover by life form, and is an important input to other LANDFIRE mapping efforts. EVC is generated separately for tree, shrub and herbaceous life forms using training data and a series of geospatial predictor layers. Plots from the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program of USDA Forest Service ( were used as the training data for tree canopy cover mapping, with canopy cover of the plots estimated from stem-mapped tree data and calibrated with line intercept field measurements of canopy cover (Toney and others 2009). Shrub and herbaceous canopy cover training data were also derived from plot-level, ground-based visual assessments. More information regarding contributors of field plot data can be found at Regression tree models were developed separately for each life form using the training data and a combination of multitemporal Landsat data, terrain data from a digital elevation model, and biophysical gradient data layers. Cubist software was used for modeling. The derived regression tree equations were then applied to the geospatial predictor data to create 30-m resolution, life form specific data layers (i.e., separate data layers are generated for tree, shrub and herbaceous vegetation cover). Each of the derived data layers (tree, shrub, herbaceous) has a potential range of 0-100 percent canopy cover. Tree, shrub and herbaceous values were binned into discrete classes (up to 10 bins at 10 percent intervals for tree, shrub and herbaceous canopy cover). The final EVC layer was evaluated and rectified through a series of QA/QC measures to ensure that the life form of the canopy cover code matched the life form of the LANDFIRE existing vegetation type (EVT) layer. EVC is used in the development of subsequent LANDFIRE data layers.LF 2014 (lf_1.4.0) used modified LF 2010 (lf_1.2.0) data as a launching point to incorporate disturbance and its severity, both managed and natural, which occurred on the landscape 2013 and 2014. Specific examples of disturbance are: fire, vegetation management, weather, and insect and disease. The final disturbance data used in LANDFIRE is the result of several efforts that include data derived in part from remotely sensed land change methods, Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS), and the LANDFIRE Events data call. Vegetation growth was modeled where both disturbance and non-disturbance occurs.Urban, agriculture, and wetlands were refined to reflect a 2012 landscape using the National Conservation Easement Database, National Wetlands Inventory (NWI), and Common Land Unit database (CLU) data. Metadata and Downloads

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: See this page for license information.

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Metadata Created Date December 3, 2020
Metadata Updated Date December 3, 2020

Metadata Source

Harvested from USDA JSON

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date December 3, 2020
Metadata Updated Date December 3, 2020
Publisher U.S. Forest Service
Unique Identifier Unknown
Data First Published 2019-08-09
Data Last Modified 2020-06-11
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 005:96
Metadata Context
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Homepage URL
Metadata Type geospatial
Program Code 005:059
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 2022f2605f04fd79fc55c2b96e0b7faa6fae66e3
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial -160.5545,18.8399,-154.728,22.2867

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