Metadata Updated: November 12, 2020

Broad-scale alterations of historical fire regimes and vegetation dynamics have occurred in many landscapes in the U.S. through the combined influence of land management practices, fire exclusion, ungulate herbivory, insect and disease outbreaks, climate change, and invasion of non-native plant species. The LANDFIRE Project produces maps of historical fire regimes and vegetation conditions using the disturbance dynamics model VDDT. The LANDFIRE Project also produces maps of current vegetation and measurements of current vegetation departure from simulated historical reference conditions. These maps support fire and landscape management planning outlined in the goals of the National Fire Plan, Federal Wildland Fire Management Policy, and the Healthy Forests Restoration Act. Data Summary: Succession Classes categorize current vegetation composition and structure into up to five successional states defined for each LANDFIRE Biophysical Settings (BpS) Model. An additional category defines uncharacteristic vegetation components that are not found within the compositional or structural variability of successional states defined for each BpS model, such as exotic species. These succession classes are similar in concept to those defined in the Interagency Fire Regime Condition Class Guidebook ( This layer is created by linking the BpS Group attribute in the BpS layer with the Refresh Model Tracker (RMT) data and assigning the Succession Classes attribute. This geospatial product should display a reasonable approximation of Succession Classes, documented in the Refresh Model Tracker. The current successional classes and their historical reference conditions are compared to assess departure of vegetation characteristics; this departure can be quantified using methods such as Fire Regime Condition Class (FRCC). Five successional classes, "A" (1) - "E" (5) define successional states represented within a given BpS model. 'UN' (6) represents uncharacteristic native vegetation for the BpS model on which these vegetation conditions are found. These are taken to represent vegetation cover, height, or composition that would not have been expected to occur on the BpS during the reference condition period. 'UE' (7) represents uncharacteristic exotic vegetation for the BpS model on which these vegetation conditions are found. Additional data layer values were included to represent Water (111), Snow / Ice (112), Barren (131), and Sparsely Vegetated (132). Urban (120) and Agriculture (180) are provided to mask out such areas from analysis of vegetation departure. To use this layer for assessing vegetation departure from historical reference conditions, it is necessary to combine this layer with LANDFIRE BpS and LANDFIRE map zone data layers. The subsequent combination of map zone, Bps, and Succession Class can then be found within LANDFIRE Historical Reference Condition tables. Caution is warranted in assessing vegetation departure across map zone boundaries, as the classification schemes used to produce BpS and Succession Classes may vary slightly between adjacent map zones. Furthermore, reference conditions are simulated independently for each map zone, resulting in potentially unique measurements of reference conditions for a given BpS between adjacent map zones. REFRESH 2001 (lf_1.0.5): Imagery used in LANDFIRE National covered a span of years, and because of this, several large wildland fires are not represented in the data. LANDFIRE circa 2001 ensures wildland fires through 2001 are represented. Additional improvements found in Refresh 2001 include resolving inconsistencies along the international borders and updating aspects of the following: riparian and wetlands areas, agricultural and urban vegetation types as burnable, and adjusting the extent of barren and water land cover types.

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License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Date February 1, 2007
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) January 1, 2010 (publication)

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI Open Data

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date February 1, 2007
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) January 1, 2010 (publication)
Responsible Party Wildland Fire Science, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Access Constraints Use Constraints: None, Access Constraints: None
Bbox East Long -65.25444546636928
Bbox North Lat 51.64968101623376
Bbox South Lat 22.765446426860603
Bbox West Long -127.98775263969655
Coupled Resource
Licence This product is reproduced from geospatial information prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service and USGS EROS. By removing the contents of this package or taking receipt of these files via electronic file transfer methods, you understand that the data stored on this media is in draft condition. Represented features may not be in an accurate geographic location. The Forest Service and USGS EROS make no expressed or implied warranty, including warranty of merchantability and fitness, with respect to the character, function, or capabilities of the data or their appropriateness for any user's purposes. The Forest Service and USGS EROS reserve the right to correct, update, modify, or replace this geospatial information without notification.
Metadata Language
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True

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