NOAA Shallow-Water Benthic Habitats: Hawaii: Niihau

Metadata Updated: November 12, 2020

Benthic habitat maps for the nearshore, shallow (< 30 m) coastal waters of the island of Niihau in Hawaii. NOAA's National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) produced these data to support coral reef research and management. Habitat regions were digitally identified using visual interpretation of orthorectified satellite imagery with a minimum mapping unit (MMU) of approximately 1 acre. Includes biological cover types, geomorphological structure types, and geographic zones.

Eighteen distinct and non-overlapping biological cover types were identified. Habitats or features that cover areas smaller than the minimal mapping unit of 1 acre were not considered. For example, uncolonized sand halos surrounding coral patch reefs are too small to be mapped independently. Cover type refers only to the predominant biological component colonizing the surface of the feature and does not address location (e.g., on the shelf or in the lagoon). The cover types are defined in a collapsible hierarchy ranging from eight major classes (live coral, seagrass, macroalgae, encrusting/coralline algae, turf algae, emergent vegetation, uncolonized, and unknown), combined with a density modifier representing the percentage of the predominant cover type (10%-<50% sparse, 50%-<90% patchy, 90%-100% continuous).

Similarly, 14 distinct and non-overlapping geomorphological structure types were identified. The structure types are defined in a collapsible hierarchy ranging from four major classes (coral reef and hardbottom, unconsolidated sediment, other delineations, and unknown), to thirteen detailed classes: sand, mud, spur and groove, individual and aggregated patch reef, aggregate reef, scattered coral/rock in unconsolidated sediment, pavement, rock/boulder (volcanic and carbonate), reef rubble, pavement with sand channels, artificial, and unknown.

Lastly, 13 mutually exclusive geographic zones were identified from land to open water corresponding to typical insular shelf and coral reef geomorphology. These zones include: shoreline intertidal, vertical wall (none identified), lagoon, back reef, reef flat, reef crest, fore reef, bank/shelf, bank/shelf escarpment, channel, dredged (since this condition eliminates natural geomorphology), unknown, and land. Zone refers only to each benthic community's location and does not address substrate or cover types within. For example, the lagoon zone may include patch reefs, sand, and seagrass beds; however, these are considered structural elements that may or may not occur within the lagoon zone and therefore, are not used to define it.

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License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Dates

Metadata Date November 22, 2017
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) November 22, 2017 (creation), November 22, 2017 (issued), November 22, 2017 (revision)
Frequency Of Update

Metadata Source

Harvested from ioos

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Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date November 22, 2017
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) November 22, 2017 (creation), November 22, 2017 (issued), November 22, 2017 (revision)
Responsible Party NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Guid hi_noaa_niih_benthic_habitats
Access Constraints
Bbox East Long -160.021626994559
Bbox North Lat 22.0434257318105
Bbox South Lat 21.6053214173569
Bbox West Long -160.590512160507
Coupled Resource [{"href": ["#DataIdentification"], "uuid": [], "title": []}, {"href": ["#DataIdentification"], "uuid": [], "title": []}, {"href": ["#DataIdentification"], "uuid": [], "title": []}]
Frequency Of Update
Graphic Preview Description Sample image.
Graphic Preview File http://pacioos.org/metadata/browse/hi_noaa_niih_benthic_habitats.png
Licence
Metadata Language eng
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress
Spatial Data Service Type Open Geospatial Consortium Web Feature Service (WFS)
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True

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