Soybean Aphids per Plant Among Soybean Lines Containing Various Rag Genes

Metadata Updated: November 10, 2020

The soybean aphid (Aphis glycines) is an insect pest of cultivated soybeans (Glycine max). Several genes with resistance to A. glycines (i.e. Rag genes) have been identified in soybean. Virulent strains of soybean aphid are able to overcome the resistance and colonize soybeans having one or more Rag genes. It is important to classify virulent strains of soybean aphids in evaluating soybean lines in order to develop cultivars with durable resistance. The files presented here report the number of soybean aphids on soybean lines that differed in the Rag genes they contained. Two colonies of soybean aphid were tested. Materials and Methods Tests were conducted separately against the two soybean aphid colonies, which were maintained on soybean plants at North Central Agricultural Research Laboratory (NCARL), USDA-ARS, Brookings, South Dakota, USA, largely according to procedures described in Hesler and Tilmon (2018). The first colony was established from a single aphid collected near Volga, South Dakota, USA in 2016 and designated as ‘Volga16’ (Conzemius et al. 2019). It was reared on soybean cultivar ‘LD12R12-15805Ra’ (Rag1+Rag2 pyramid; University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA). A second colony designated ‘Accrue’ was derived from a colony originally established from a single first instar isolated from aphids collected at Urbana, IL, USA, and initially reared in Urbana (‘Urbana clone’; Hill et al. 2004). This colony was established as an avirulent soybean aphid colony (Hill et al. 2004). A series of sequential colonies from the initial colony was established, in order, at The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH, USA; Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA; South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD, USA; and finally, in 2018 at NCARL. Although established as an ostensibly avirulent colony derived from the ‘Urbana clone’ colony, it was unexpectedly virulent against a known resistant accession, LD05R-16137 (containing Rag1), in initial screening tests. Two separate no-choice tests were run for each soybean aphid colony. Each test consisted of seven soybean lines. Six had one or more Rag genes: 19APH18 (Rag1), 19APH25 (Rag2), 19INC (Rag3), 19APH29 (Rag4), 19APH30 (Rag6), 19APH09Rag12 (a Rag1+Rag2 pyramid); and ‘Titan,’ an aphid-susceptible soybean cultivar (Diers et al. 1999). Two-week-old, unifoliate-stage soybean plants growing in plastic pots (6 cm top diameter, 4 cm bottom diameter, 5.7 cm height) were each infested with 10 apterous adult soybean aphids and covered with a clear plastic, ventilated, cylindrical tube. After 20 days in an environmental chamber, the shoots of test plants were clipped at soil level, placed individually in sealable plastic bags, and stored in a freezer. Plants were removed over the next few days, and the aphids on them were counted. The data are contained in separate files—one for each of two soybean aphid colonies.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: Creative Commons CCZero

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Dates

Metadata Created Date November 10, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 10, 2020

Metadata Source

Harvested from USDA JSON

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date November 10, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 10, 2020
Publisher Agricultural Research Service
Unique Identifier Unknown
Maintainer
Identifier d21d0862-ed83-4514-bf18-788b51e2cfc7
Data Last Modified 2020-08-05
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 005:18
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
License https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
Program Code 005:040
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash eb5f7c39dfb3818dbfee265ae5d25aa72996df3c
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial POINT (-96.788009 44.339745)

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