The NOAA and MMS Marine Minerals Bibliography

Metadata Updated: November 12, 2020

From 1983 through 1992, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) compiled a comprehensive, computerized bibliography of offshore marine mineral deposits as a cooperative effort with the Ocean Minerals and Energy Division of the NOAA National Ocean Service, and the Office of International Activities and Marine Minerals (INTERMAR) of the Minerals Management Service (MMS). In October of 1992, the NOAA and MMS Marine Minerals Bibliography (MMBIB) was released as a compact disc. The bibliography includes over 17,000 citations of references to sea floor deposits of ferromanganese (polymetallic) nodules and crusts, placers/heavy minerals, phosphorites, and polymetallic sulfides published from 1831 through 1990. References include key word categories indicating geographic area and type of study conducted. Subject key words are annotated with "general" or "technical" to indicate whether a subject was mentioned briefly, or was explored in detail. Key words also include the names of each mineral and each element mentioned in the article. Geographic keys include ocean or sea name, numeric designators for the ocean/sea, the name of any pertinent geographic feature, US exclusive economic zones (e.g. East Coast), and geologic setting. The NOAA and MMS Marine Minerals CD-ROM Data Set, produced by NGDC and partially funded by INTERMAR, contains the entire NGDC Marine Minerals Bibliography and Geochemical Database and several data files compiled by other organizations. The bibliography is searchable on-line on NGDC's web server. The NOAA and MMS Marine Minerals Bibliography and geochemical database was incorporated by the International Seabed Authority (ISA) into their online compilation, which uses the NGDC MMBIB identification system for references.

Access & Use Information

License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources

Dates

Metadata Date April 21, 2020
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) October 31, 1992 (publication), October 31, 1992 (revision)
Frequency Of Update notPlanned

Metadata Source

Harvested from NGDC MGG Geology

Graphic Preview

cross section of a ferromanganese nodule, courtesy of Dr. Frank Manheim, USGS

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date April 21, 2020
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) October 31, 1992 (publication), October 31, 1992 (revision)
Responsible Party NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Guid gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.geology:G00497
Access Constraints Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives., Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose., Cite as: Warnken, Robin R.; Virden, William T and Carla J. Moore. 1992: The NOAA and MMS Marine Minerals Bibliography. First. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.7289/V53X84KN. Accessed [date]., Access to this dataset is unrestricted., While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Bbox East Long 180
Bbox North Lat 90
Bbox South Lat -90
Bbox West Long -180
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update notPlanned
Graphic Preview Description cross section of a ferromanganese nodule, courtesy of Dr. Frank Manheim, USGS
Graphic Preview File https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/image/nodule2.gif
Graphic Preview Type GIF
Licence Produced by the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Not subject to copyright protection within the United States.
Metadata Language
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG:4326
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 1876-01-01
Temporal Extent End 1991-12-31

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